European Parliament

Following the Snowden leaks, the European Parliament's Committee on Civil Liberties, Justice and Home Affairs in Brussels commissioned an in-depth inquiry into 'Electronic Mass Surveillance of EU Citizens'. Duncan gave evidence to the committee along with Guardian editor Alan Rusbridger and privacy advocate Jake Appelbaum.  During the course of his testimony, Duncan revealed Sweden's secret partnership with in tapping internet & submarine cables, with the codename SARDINE.   


It was the second time Duncan addressed the European Parliament on surveillance issues (see the Echelon page).




Duncan's testimony

Duncan's testimony to the LIBE Committee.


Full video

Watch the full video of the LIBE inquiry, including Alan Rusbridger and Jake Appelbaum.


Duncan Campbell testified FRA's role in wiretapping affair


Additional Material


Sweden 'a close partner' in NSA surveillance

Following Duncan's remarks on Sweden's SARDINE surveillance programme, the country's English language news network, The Local, ran a story. 

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Draft programme

Read the LIBE Committee Inquiry on Electronic Mass Surveillance of EU Citizens draft programme.


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Inquiry on Electronic Mass Surveillance of EU Citizens

Read Duncan's note on surveillance development since 1999-2001 enquiries, and key future issues.

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