Tobacco Underground

In 2008, Duncan worked on the ICIJ's major investigation into the multibillion pound global industry of black market tobacco. The project revealed how the sale of illegal cigarettes funds organised crime and terrorism, and is occasionally encouraged by Big Tobacco.


Made To Be Smuggled: Russian Contraband Cigarettes ‘Flooding’ EU

Europe is being flooded by smuggled Russian-made cigarettes worth at least $1 billion a year, an international investigation has discovered.

20 October, 2008 | Click here to read more

Download the 'Tobacco Underground' e-book.

Luk Joosens

WHO tobacco expert talks to Duncan Campbell.

Read the full investigation


British American Tobacco Plc and tobacco smuggling:

Click here to read Duncan's first investigation with the ICIJ, 'Big Tobacco Smuggling'


Duncan also contributed to 'Making a Killing' investigation. Click here to read more

Going Undercover: Inside Baltic Tobacco’s Smuggling Empire

Billions of black market Jin Ling cigarettes are turning up across Europe. Jin Ling, however, could not be purchased even in the shops, markets, or street stalls, but was freely available in bulk to smugglers.

20 October, 2008 | Click here to read more


Interview with Luk Joosons

Sociologist Luk Joossens is one of the world’s top experts on tobacco smuggling. In 1995, he co-authored a paper that alerted the world about a striking disparity between cigarette exports and imports — that billions of cigarettes were missing and likely diverted to black markets in dozens of countries. Today, Joossens is one of six experts advising the World Health Organization’s Framework Convention on Tobacco Control — a global treaty to reduce tobacco use — on how to crack down on the booming underground trade in cigarettes.

In this video interview, conducted by veteran ICIJ reporters Duncan Campbell and Alain Lallemand in Belgium, Joossens talks about some of the most pressing issues in tobacco smuggling, from Russian-made cigarettes pouring into Europe’s black markets to China’s massive cigarette counterfeiting industry.

Thanks to Le Soir in Brussels for this video.


Channel 4 report of BAT hearings